Pulses are the seeds of legumes that are value added source of food. Pulses include peas, beans, lentils, and chickpeas etc. Evidence of lentil cultivation has been found in the Egyptian pyramids times and dry peas have been discovered from a village in Switzerland dating back to the Stone Age. Pulses are a great source of protein and are particularly important for people who don't get protein by eating meat, fish or dairy products.
Pulses provide approximately 10% of the total dietary protein consumed in the world. Pulses have high nutritional value and protein content to help maintain body weight, and are low low-glycemic to regulate blood sugar and blood pressure. Pulses are thought to have positive affect on non-communicable diseases. Pulses contribute positively to climate change.
Pulses started to play a significant commercial or economic role in Western Canada from1970s, when the wheat glut encouraged farmers to diversify into cash and specialty crops. The province of Saskatchewan produces around 70% of the country's pulse crop yearly. The climate makes Canada world's leading exporter of quality pulses.
Cold winters and dry summers limit disease and insect problems and help keep production costs down. The nitrogen-fixing ability of pulses, improved control of disease and weeds through better rotations, and a trend towards a favorable environmental profile of producers and processors have all contributed to the increase in acreage of pulses in the Canadian prairies.